Friday, March 13, 2020
Rudy Giuliani NY's Superman essays Hard on the heels of the September 11 attack on the World Trade Center Mayor Rudolph William Giuliani with his political career as the Mayor of New York endured his share of debacles, including an ill-fated attempt to block "objectionable" art from local museums, and widespread charges of police brutality. And many New Yorkers criticized him for being far to extreme. But, his excellence towards unwavering commitment towards humane feelings and beliefs that he dispelled that over the years. In a city of over seven and half million belonging to varied ethnic groups, this Mayor of New York out dueled many of the insiders and Democrats by reinventing his focus towards the quality-of-life issues resulted in tangible achievements for the Capital of the World. "There is no more eloquent testimony to the mindlessness of term limits than the performance of Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani during this time of crisis," one Maryland resident wrote to the New York Times. (Jessica Reeves. 2001[ ]) Giulianis major political feats were innumerable but it was his political role in reducing crime within New York that made him a courageous political legend within American politics. Time prevails and Rudy, with his political accomplishments downsized the crime-ratio of the city, which once was generally accepted as the most ungovernable states. Rudy defied and disagreed to the premonition and by the time when he left his office; New York was indeed the safest of all the metros in the USA. As Rudy stated, Tragedy is, after all, one of the best platforms for campaigns and Guilianis political performance proved him true to all entirety. (Deroy Murdock 1999[ ]) Ironically, the strategic efforts initiated and implemented by Giuliani by the name Broken Window proved to a successful step. It was an ambitious program aimed to specifically address the criminal goings-on related to domestic violence, police corruption, youth crime, ...
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
Being Unionized or Union-Free ( just paraphrase ) Human Resource Class - Essay Example ith employees, education of employees and management, hiring and promotion policies, quality working conditions, resolving of complaints efficiently and teamwork (Maille, 2009). To be able to remain union free for a long time a company should in the course of production ensure that wages of employees in the same lines of production is analyzed, so as to allow the company to make relevant adjustments in meeting its employees demands. The wages and other compensation can be increased after making the necessary analysis. These benefits will work as a great boon and will help in motivating the employees who will start working effectively after realizing the fact that the company has done a great deal to help them. The internal system should also be analyzed by a company, it includes salary and wage rates in order to determine the exact amount of compensation and wage to be given to different individuals holding various positions, and the varied lengths of service in the company, as it may not be realistic to pay a similar compensation to a new employee as compared to an old employee. If there is any disparity which cannot be explained then an evaluation should be done in order to come up with a fair solution. Employees have quite a few concerns these days and it is very important for a company to address these problems. The management and the employees should interact more often so that the communication becomes crystal clear, it is very important to have a good communication system in place. Some ways of making communication better are door to door policies, suggestion boxes, bulletin boards, job orientation, forms which communicate to the employee benefits and company events like holiday parties and therefore making the employer to know the needs of the employees. After the communication the company is able to act according to the views from its staff and hence make the required changes (Richard, 2008). Educating the employees is essential for a company; the union
Sunday, February 9, 2020
CJ3Book Review The body of the Condemned Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words
CJ3Book Review The body of the Condemned - Essay Example But they each define a certain penal style.Ã¢â¬ (Foucault, 1995, p. 7) Foucault points out that modern forms of punishment are, thankfully, not carried out in the same spirit or with the same purpose. Many legal reforms were instituted between the old world of executions and torture and the new world of prisons and labour camps, the main difference being that what used to be a public spectacle became, over time, a regimented process, more bureaucratic than anything else, that is carried out behind high walls and locked doors. For Foucault what is significant about this change is that the punishment is no longer something visibly displayed, and it no longer focuses so sharply on the human body of the convicted person. Foucault concedes that penalties such as imprisonment, forced labour, deportation and the like do also affect the human body but they do so indirectly: Ã¢â¬Å"The body now serves as an instrument or intermediaryÃ¢â¬ ¦physical pain, the pain of the body itself, is no longer the constituent element of the penalty.Ã¢â¬ (Foucault: 1995, p. 11) He observes that a whole army of Ã¢â¬Å"techniciansÃ¢â¬ are now involved in the penal side of the criminal justice system, and one need only think of the modern prison to realise that he is right. Warders, chaplains, social workers, educators, even doctors and psychologists all participate in the process. In states and in periods where in states where the death penalty is or was permitted, there is also an increasing presence of technicians in the process. The methods chosen for death have veered away from elements of spectacle and torture and have become swifter, for example the guillotine in France, the hangmanÃ¢â¬â¢s noose in England and the lethal injection in America. Technical experts accompany the convicted person right up to the moment of execution. Drugs are used to dull the sensations of inmates, and also to make sure that executions are free of physical pain. Foucault calls this a kind of d isconnection which makes the penalties non-corporeal and therefore distanced from the physical being of the person. Punishment in this way becomes, for Foucault something abstract, with only the most fleeting actual contact with the body of the victim. If modern punishment systems do not target the prisonerÃ¢â¬â¢s body any more, then the question of what exactly it does target then arises. Foucault suggests: Ã¢â¬Å"The expiation that once rained down upon the body must be replaced by a punishment that acts in depth on the heart, the thoughts, the will, the inclinationsÃ¢â¬ (Foucault: 1995, p. 16) Some people might refer to this as the soul of the person, and cite moral or religious beliefs to underpin this view, but Foucault looks instead at the way attention has shifted away from the past crime that has been committed, and towards the person who has committed the crime and now deserves some kind of punishment. There is in modern criminal justice systems a belief that punishmen t can be used to change a personÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviour for the better, and perhaps even influence his nature and personality in a positive way. This can be done in a way that suppresses part of the personÃ¢â¬â¢s personality. Foucault also observes a modern fascination in the causes of crime, by which he means all the circumstances which surround it, including the background of the criminal and all the various factors which contributed to his committing the crime. This is a very important point, because it brings Foucault to make a serious judgement about modern
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Enlightenment philosopher Essay John Locke (1632-1704) was an Enlightenment philosopher. Some authors define him as Ã¢â¬Å"the philosopher of freedomÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"the father of English empiricism and liberalismÃ¢â¬ . His ideas and concepts about social structure, social consent and human natural rights determined development of political philosophy and republican democracy. John Locke was an Oxford scholar. His teachers were famous British scientists including chemist Robert Boyle who probably taught him about atomism. John Locke was medical researcher and physician, philosopher and pedagogue, economist and ideologue for a revolutionary movement. His career was associated with name of the First Earl of Shaftesbury who was a Lord-Chancellor of England. When Locke emigrated to the continental Europe he studied Cartesian philosophy in France and become acquainted with William of Orange who later became English King. Locke came back to England only in 1689 and took up many official posts but devote much more time to his scientific studies. Contemporaries knew Locke as an economic writer and opposition political activist. Locke was an ideologue of constitutional monarchy and division of powers. He was an opponent of theories of divine origin of the royal power. He was a friend of Isaac Newton and Robert Boyle and an early member of the Royal Society. The principles of LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s philosophy were the ideological basement for Great French and American Revolution. John Locke together with Francis Bacons was a founder of empiricism theory. He assumed that human mind at the birth is like Ã¢â¬Å"blanc paperÃ¢â¬ and only experiences through trials and errors form ideas and knowledge. This theory was described in Lockes Ã¢â¬Å"Essay Concerning Human UnderstandingÃ¢â¬ and had impact on the development of behaviorism. Lock started to write his main work Ã¢â¬Å"Essay Concerning Human UnderstandingÃ¢â¬ in 1671, but published it only in 1690. Why he wrote it? Essay present the fundamental principles of his philosophy, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the culmination of his reflection on the origins of human knowledge. Essay contains of four books: Ã¢â¬Å"Of innate notionsÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Of ideasÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Of wordsÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"Of knowledge and probabilityÃ¢â¬ . This philosophic treatise is written in archaic style but it still easy to read because of the use of dialogue form and clear argumentation. Locke devoted much of the Essay to an extended argument that human ideas and understanding are ultimately derived from experience. Before scientists suggested that some ideas could be innate. Actually, Locke proposed new theory of knowledge. Essay is an answer to the question: Ã¢â¬Å"Where do we get ideas which are the content of our knowledge? Ã¢â¬ The first chapter of the first book is named as Ã¢â¬Å"No innate speculative PrinciplesÃ¢â¬ . It consists of twenty eights paragraphs. The name of chapter reflects its content. The chapter is opened with discussion Ã¢â¬Å"how men, barely by the use of their natural facilities, may attain to all the knowledge they have without the help of any innate impressionsÃ¢â¬ . Locke wrote about the importance of speculative and practical principles and gave examples of them to show that Ã¢â¬Å"universal content proves nothing innateÃ¢â¬ . He used humor to show that nothing on the mind is naturally imprinted when speak about children understanding. To show impossibility of innate concepts and sensations he used dialectic that helped reader to understand that only experience could generate ideas. Just some examples of his logic. In the paragraphs 6-12 he explained that if all people have innate ideas but later they will come to know things upon the use of own reason then innateness is loosing its sense. He wrote about peculiarities of childÃ¢â¬â¢s mind: Ã¢â¬Å"after they come to the use of reason, those general abstract ideas are not framed in the mind, about which those general maxims are, which are mistaken for innate principles, but are indeed discoveries made, and verities introduced, and brought into the mind by the same way, and discovered by the same steps, as several other propositions, which nobody has ever so extravagant as to suppose innate Ã¢â¬ In 15th section of the chapter author outlines his theory of knowledge origin. He showed the sketch of new theory and how it could be applied to the particular and general ideas, to the memory, names, abstraction and language. He noted that universal concepts came from self-evidence, not innateness (Ch. 1, 18) and that less general ideas (he called them Ã¢â¬Å"propositionsÃ¢â¬ ) are known Ã¢â¬Å"before. universal maxims. He insists that theory of innate ideas is fruitless because innateness cannot be applied to mathematics and other complicated fields of human knowledge. In 24-27th sections he wrote that ideas cannot be innate because they are not Ã¢â¬Å"universally assented toÃ¢â¬ . In the last paragraph of the chapter Locke wrote: Ã¢â¬Å"Upon the whole matter, I cannot see any ground to think Ã¢â¬ ¦ speculative Maxims innate: since they are not universally assented to; and the assent they so generally find is no other than what several propositions, not allowed to be innate, equally partake in with them: and since the assent that is given them is produced another way, and comes not from natural inscription, as I doubt not but to make appear in the following Discourse. And if these first principles of knowledge and science are found not to be innate, no other speculative maxims can (I suppose), with better right pretend to be so. Ã¢â¬ Locke is a propagator of ideas that abstract speculative principle cannot be innate. He attacked the theory that human mind is born knowing certain things. It was revolutionary for the late XVII century and John Lockes Essay Concerning Human Understanding have had great impact on the history of philosophy and society. His studies of the nature and grounds of knowledge especially with reference to its limits and validity and his polemics with adherents of stagnant views on the nature of knowledge stimulated development not only of epistemology but all fields of science. Lockes ideas played at least some part in the formation of revolutionary thought in France and American colonies. Of course, not only Ã¢â¬Å"Essay Concerning Human UnderstandingÃ¢â¬ influenced on social history of those and many other countries but this trait liberated mind of other researchers. References 1. Essay Concerning Human Understanding http://oregonstate. edu/instruct/phl302/texts/locke/locke1/Book1a. html#Chapter%20I 2. Johne Lock Wikipedia on-line http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/John_Locke 3. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy http://plato. stanford. edu/entries/locke
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Curfew: Worth It Or Not Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The Curfew is not being enforced, imprisons you, and does not prevent kids who are over 17 to commit crimes. There is always no one to enforce the curfew, and it is hard to enforce. You feel as you are in a prison, you should have control over your own life, and government should not tell you what to do. Finally, kids 17 years and younger do not commit crimes. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Curfew is not possible to enforce because you can not tell by just looking at someone and saying that they are 17 years or younger. In addition, since this is a free country, you do not have to have an ID with you all the time. For example, a Police Officer is walking on a street and sees several teenagers going on the same side. He can not tell w...
Monday, January 13, 2020
Motivation Evaluation Motivation has three major viewpoints consisting of psychoanalytic, humanistic, and diversity (McAdams, 2009). Another approach to human motivations is Henry MurrayÃ¢â¬â¢s theory. These views can help a person understand the motivations of others. In the case of Ted Bundy, using these viewpoints can help understand the reasons behind his motives for becoming a serial killer. Psychoanalytic view At an early age, Ted Bundy became interested in disturbing objects such as knives (bio. True Story, 2013). This was only the beginning however. As a teenager Bundy began looking through peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s windows and stealing (bio. True Story, 2013). In an interview before his death, he told psychologist James C. Dobson that pornography especially those that depicted violent sexual relations fueled his reasons (interview, January 23, 1989). This fits into FreudÃ¢â¬â¢s view that motivation comes from our sexual and aggressive urges (McAdams, 2009). Humanistic view Humanists believe that peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s motives stem from wanting to better themselves (McAdams, 2009). While BundyÃ¢â¬â¢s murderous crimes do not convey a person who is trying to better their self his academic and social life does. After Bundy learned his sister was actually his mother and the devastating break up between him and his girlfriend he threw himself into his studies and graduated with honors (bio, 2013). Bundy also became a republican campaigner for the governor of Washington who wrote him a letter of recommendation for law school (bio. True Story, 2013). Diversity view The diversity view believes that people are motivated by a number of things (McAdams, 2009). The reason for BundyÃ¢â¬â¢s rampage on killing women falls under the diversity view because pornography is not believed to be his only reason. While in college he fell in love with a woman who did not reciprocate the feelings he did (bio, 2013). His victims during his killing spree shared her physical characteristics; it is possible this heart breakÃ drove him to doing harm to women who resembled her (bio, 2013). Henry MurrayÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory Another view of motivation comes from Henry Murray. He believes that a personÃ¢â¬â¢s motivation comes from time and its force includes needs, press, and thema (McAdams, 2009). Needs are constructs of the brain that deals with human thinking, perceiving, strivings, and feelings (McAdams, 2009). Press is, according to McAdams (2009) Ã¢â¬Å"various situational constraints and opportunities for need expression Ã¢â¬Å"(279). The repeated interaction between the two is called the thema (McAdams, 2009). Conclusion The psychoanalytic perspective believes that motivations come from our sexual and aggressive urges; the humanistic believes that these motives stem from wanting to better ourselves, and the diversity view states that there are numerous motives for individual actions (McAdams, 2009). Another view point is found from Henry Murray who discusses how a personÃ¢â¬â¢s needs motivate them. Ted Bundy was a serial killer whoÃ¢â¬â¢s motives could be explained using each one of the viewpoints including how his ambitions to kill started and what could have possibly pushed him over his hypothetical ledge. Reference bio.. (2013). Ted Bundy Biography. Retrieved from http://www.thebiographychannel.co.uk/biographies/ted-bundy.html bio. True Story. (2013). Ted Bundy. biography. Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/ted-bundy-9231165?page=1 McAdams, D. P. (2009). The person: An introduction to the science of personality psychology (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
The movie A Few Good Men is one of the most popular courtroom drama films ever made. It is widely considered one of the best military movies by many film reviewers and even casual movie viewers. In my case, as a legal professional, I believe I can say the same thing. I have been practicing criminal law for over fifteen years and I think that I can speak on the matter of how a courtroom works quite intelligently. I graduated from Columbia Law School in 1998. I have defended many high profile clients and have gained an abundant amount of knowledge. I should mention that I did spend some time working with the military while I spent some time in Washington D.C. I am now a law professor at The University of Virginia Law School. I recently watched the movie and thought I might share with you some thoughtful ideas that maybe the average viewer might not know or understand about the legal system, more specifically the military legal system. This is an outstanding movie and in my opinion port rays the inner workings of the courtroom, both civilian and military quite well. Military and civilian courts operate in a very similar manner. However, the military court system is completely separate from the civilian court system. There are many similarities and difference between them and I will go into detail, mainly about the differences. According to lawyers.com, the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is the system of rules that guide the military criminal process. This is the mainShow MoreRelatedMovie Review - a Few Good Men Essay1489 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe movie Ã¢â¬Å"A Few Good MenÃ¢â¬ was a great story of a young attorney who was in the Navy, called to defend some Marines who were suspected of murdering a fellow Marine. During the investigation, it is discovered that the Marines practice something called a Ã¢â¬Å"Code RedÃ¢â¬ . 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Taking us back to 1942, The Great Escape documents the escape of 76 prisoners from a special Stalag (prison camp), designed specifically for them. By contrasting color cinematography with a classical soundtrack, the movie successfully blends theRead More Pulp Strikes Back Essay1179 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmid-50s, typically lurid in subject matter designed merely to entertain. Likewise, the movie takes a shocking though comedic glance at the greed, violence, and drama surrounding the Los Angeles crime scene. Mike LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle said, The tone is darkly comic in the face of almost operatic violence.Ã¢â¬ Vincent Vega (John Travolta) and his philosophical partner Jules (Samuel L. Jackson) are hit men for LA mob boss, Marcellus Wallace (Ving Rhames). 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